Thursday, 25 February 2016

Fight bad breath: Tips and tricks to combat pet #dental disease




Photos by Stacey McIntyre-Gonzalez Copyright©
Fight bad breath: Tips and tricks to combat pet dental disease

The war on pet dental disease is waging! Oral care is so important for pets and brushing their teeth is the best way to prevent future dental disease. I brush my dogs Hazel and Keira’s teeth but let me tell you- it’s tricky. Not just for me, but for many pet owners. Over the years I have been able to get some tricks from savvy pet owners and veterinary professionals and I feel it is only right to share them. According to the American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) approximately 85 percent of cats and dogs over the age of three have some form of periodontal or dental disease. I hope that by sharing these tips, teeth brushing can become a happy, fight-free experience!



When to go on the dental defensive

Now! An older pet can get used to having her teeth brushed, but it is easier to teach a puppy or kitten to like- or tolerate- brushing. You can start at around nine weeks with a finger brush and no paste. Then introduce a great tasting pet tooth paste- I recommend poultry, Hazel’s favorite. She has had her teeth brushed since she was 10 weeks old- not every day, but most days- and she likes the meaty flavours. Another flavor that is surprisingly popular is vanilla mint! Brush your pets' teeth at the same time every day to establish a routine. It is best to brush after she has had exercise and is tired. It gets Hazel every time- I like to start while she is still sleeping and ambush her. Before she knows it, the war is over!


Hazel tests out a new pet friendly tooth brush!
Ready the troops

It is important to get your pet used to having her mouth touched prior to the first brushing. This was especially fun for me because my dogs have big, floppy Saint Bernard jowls. My cat was less fun. Flip the lip! Put something tasty on your finger- like wet food or a pet friendly paste. Let her lick it off of your finger. Rub your finger along her teeth and gums, massaging the gum-line, making it a fun experience. Allow her to become familiar with the tooth brush. The new texture may her throw off, so put something tasty on the bristles and let her to lick it off. This does not mean chewing the brush, despite Hazel’s many attempts. When brushing, start with the canines and the molars and finish with the front teeth. Most veterinarians recommend brushing your pet’s teeth every day. Give her frequent praise and rewards. If she is struggling with the process stop and give her praise and a treat, for trying. Wait a few seconds and start brushing again. Make sure she knows that if she complies she will be rewarded!


The right tools for the job

 Finger brushes are great and so are brushes that resemble human tooth brushes- it is all trial and error. Hazel and Keira have big teeth, so a larger brush was better. Visit your local veterinary clinic to get a toothbrush. It is important to use a pet specific toothbrush. NEVER use human toothpaste on your pet. Most human tooth pastes contain fluoride which is extremely toxic to dogs and can upset a cat’s stomach. Since pets swallow the toothpaste it is highly recommended that you purchase your pet's toothpaste at your local veterinary clinic to ensure its safety. Let your pet try the tooth paste and allow her to associate the taste with a treat.


Keira enjoys her dental chew!
Battle between brushes

Buy treats and toys designed to help keep your pets teeth clean. Rope toys can be paired with dental sprays to floss teeth. Dental chews can scrape away at tartar and plaque. Water additives can be purchased at a veterinary clinic. My girls love ropes! Try wetting the rope toy just a little and put it inside your pet’s bag of food. Seal the bag off and give it a shake! The rope will smell like the food! Speaking of food, Hazel and Keira are on a veterinary specific dental diet. It acts as brushing, mouth wash and a chew in one! We get our dental chews from our veterinary clinic and never use anything like deer antlers or bones. Both of those items are extremely dangerous and aren’t designed to clean the teeth. Deer antlers often lead to fractured teeth and animal bones can block the intestinal tract resulting in costly surgeries. Yikes!


Flip the lip!
Your best dental defense

Taking your cat or dog to the veterinarian for dental check-ups should be done every six to twelve months. Your doctor should be checking your pet's teeth at every annual wellness exam. The doctor will give your pet a dental grade 1-4. Depending on the grade, your doctor may recommend a dental cleaning. Many pet owners avoid this due to cost but I urge pet owners to consider it an investment in their pet's overall health. If regular scaling and polishing is not done- especially in pets prone to dental disease like cats or Yorkshire Terriers- costly extractions and dangerous infections can form before you know it. It always costs more to fix a problem than it does to prevent one. Most pet owners don’t realize the extent of the damage until it is too late. Combating dental disease well in advance can significantly change the quality of life for your pet!

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